### Self Induction Phenomenon and its Coefficient

Self Induction:

When a changing current flows in a coil then due to the change in magnetic flux in the coil produces an electro-motive force $\left(emf \right)$ in that coil. This phenomenon is called the principle of Self Induction.

The direction of electro-motive force can be found by applying "Lenz's Law".

Mathematical Analysis of Coefficient of Self Induction:

Let us consider that a coil having the number of turns is $N$. If the change in current is $i$, then linkage flux in a coil will be
$N \phi \propto i$

$N\phi = L i \qquad(1)$

Where $L$ $\rightarrow$ Coefficient of Self Induction.

According to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. The electro-motive force $\left(emf \right)$ in a coil is

$e=-N\left( \frac{d \phi}{dt} \right)$

$e=-\frac{d \left(N \phi \right)}{dt} \qquad(2)$

From equation $(1)$ and equation $(2)$

$e=-\frac{d \left(L i\right)}{dt} $

$e=-L \left(\frac{d i}{dt} \right) $

$L = \frac{e}{\left(\frac{d i}{dt} \right)}$

If $\left(\frac{d i}{dt} \right) = 1$

Then

$L = e$

The above equation shows that

*If the rate of flow of current in a coil is unit then the coefficient of self-induction in that coil will be equal to the induced electro-motive force $\left( emf \right)$.*