Displacement Current

Description of Displacement Current: The concept of displacement current was first introduced by Maxwell purely on the theoretical ground.

Maxwell postulates that "It is not only current in a conductor that produces a magnetic field but a changing electric field (or time varying electric field) in vacuum or in dielectric also produces the magnetic field. It means that a changing electric field is equivalent to a current which flows as long as the electric field is changing. This equivalent current in a vacuum or dielectric produces the same magnetic effect as an ordinary or conductor current in a conductor. This equivalent current is known as displacement current".

According to the Maxwell modified ampere's law.

$\oint \overrightarrow{B}. \overrightarrow{dl}= \mu_{\circ}i+\mu_{\circ}i_{d}$

Where $i_{d}$ = Displacement Current