Concept of Perfect Gas

Concept of Perfect (ideal) Gas:
An imaginary gas whose properties are similar to the properties of a real gas (a gas whose molecules occupy space and interact with each other) at infinitely low pressure. This imaginary gas is called 'perfect gas' or ideal gas'.
According to the definition, the following properties are imagined in a perfect gas :

(1) It strictly obeys Boyle's law, Charles' law, and the law of pressure under all conditions of temperature and pressure.

(2) Its pressure coefficient and volume coefficient are exactly equal to each other.

(2) Its molecules are infinitesimally small.

(3) There is no force of attraction between its molecules. Obviously, a perfect gas cannot be converted into a liquid or solid state, because a force of attraction is necessary between the molecules in the liquid or the solid state.

In practice, the gases that are difficult to liquefy, such as oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, and helium can be considered as perfect, although these are also not ideally perfect.

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