## Effect of using fossil fuels on environment

The use of fossil fuels has significant impacts on the environment, including:

Air pollution: Fossil fuels release a variety of air pollutants when they are burned, including nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter. These pollutants can cause respiratory problems, smog, acid rain, and contribute to climate change.

Greenhouse gas emissions: Fossil fuels are the primary source of greenhouse gas emissions, including carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. These gases trap heat in the atmosphere which causes to global warming and climate change.

Water pollution: Fossil fuel extraction and transportation can result in water pollution from oil spills, leaks, and wastewater discharges. This can harm aquatic ecosystems and impact human health.

Land degradation: Fossil fuel extraction can result in land degradation, deforestation, and habitat destruction. This can cause to the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Negative impacts on human health: Air and water pollution from fossil fuels can have negative impacts on human health, including respiratory problems, cancer, and neurological disorders.

The environmental impacts of fossil fuels underscore the need to transition to cleaner and more sustainable sources of energy, such as renewable energy sources like wind and solar power. This will not only help to mitigate climate change but also provide a healthier and more sustainable future for humans and other living beings.

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### Bernoulli's Theorem and Derivation of Bernoulli's Equation

Statement of Bernoulli's Theorem: When an ideal fluid (i.e incompressible and non-viscous Liquid or Gas) flows in streamlined motion from one place to another, then the total energy per unit volume (i.e Pressure energy + Kinetic Energy + Potential Energy) at each and every of its path is constant. $P+\frac{1}{2}\rho v^{2} + \rho gh= constant$ Derivation of Bernoulli's Theorem Equation: Let us consider that an incompressible and non-viscous liquid is flowing in streamlined motion through a tube $XY$ of the non-uniform cross-section. Now Consider: The Area of cross-section $X$ = $A_{1}$ The Area of cross-section $Y$ = $A_{2}$ The velocity per second (i.e. equal to distance) of fluid at cross-section $X$ = $v_{1}$ The velocity per second (i.e. equal to distance) of fluid at cross-section $Y$ = $v_{2}$ The Pressure of fluid at cross-section $X$ = $P_{1}$ The Pressure of fluid at cross-section $Y$ = $P_{2}$ The height of cross-section $X$ from